The "Bagua" Map / Directional Compass Feng Shui 

Feng Shui is an art and a science. Originating in China, literally translated: feng means wind and shui is water. It is a study and discipline, thousands of years old, focusing on one’s personal space – home, office, landscape – and the flow of energy. Through Feng Shui, we intend to maximize life goals and intentions, balance elemental facets, and look to the feminine and masculine of all things.

quoted ("International Feng Shui Guild")

 The Bagua is one of the main tools Feng Shui Consultants use to determine the regions of a home, workplace or garden. The Bagua, means eight areas "or sectors" in the Chinese language.This helps to determine energy zones. These sectors are assigned a direction, element, life aspiration, family member, colours and also body parts. Each of the 8 sectors represent a "trigram". These eight trigrams are Heaven, Earth, Water, Fire, Wind, Thunder, Mountain and Lake. These Eight Trigrams are arranged into their opposites, forming an octagon called the Bagua. Some variations of the Bagua show the eight regions in a square grid, other versions are octagonal. These "areas" of the Bagua map are used to enhance energy flow in specific areas of a space.

This concept is based on Yin-Yang theory and is depicted in the I-Ching (The Book of Changes) an ancient Chinese manual of divination based on eight symbolic trigrams and sixty-four hexagrams, interpreted in terms of the principles of yin and yang. It was included as one of the “five classics” of Confucianism.